Civil Law in Croatia
Civil Law in CroatiaUpdated on Thursday 13th July 2017
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Croatia came into existence after the dissolution of the former Republic of Yugoslavia and the civil law represents the basis of the Croatian legal system. The civil law in Croatia, alongside the Commercial Code and the administrative legislation, are the most important parts of the judicial system of the country. Detailed information about the legal provisions of the civil law can be provided to you by our lawyers in Croatia.
Issues addressed by the civil law in Croatia
The civil law in Croatia is composed of rules which define the private rights of an individual or legal entity in areas such as family law, property and contracts. The Croatian civil law is encompassed in four major acts, addressing issues such as: the basic right and obligations of an individual, contractual rights, family relations and labor aspects. These four acts are the following:
• The Civil Procedure Act, last amended in 2011, regulates the procedural rules under which the disputes regarding the basic rights and obligations of the citizen are settled by Croatian courts. Legal aspects of jurisdiction of civil courts, the organization of trials and pleading claims and allegations are addressed by the Civil Procedure Act in Croatia;
• The Civil Obligations Act – this legal frame regulates a series of aspects related to: monetary obligations, relations between debtors and creditors, debt collection and litigation, types of contracts and their effects and non-contractual obligations;
• The Crafts Act – refers to economic activities carried by natural persons and Croatian companies with the objective of generating profit, in the field of production, traffic or services. A definition of a craftsman and the regulations of his/her economic activity is provided within this act;
• Land Registration Act – defines the legal circumstances of land transactions, the conditions for keeping Land Registry in Croatia and the procedures conducted by municipal courts for settling land related issues.
Our law firm in Croatia can advice you and legally represent you in any matters related to civil law.
The judicial system in Croatia
The principle of separation of powers is stipulated in the Constitution of the Republic of Croatia. The legal system in Croatia is characterized by a hierarchy of legal norms, arranged in four levels: the Constitution, international contracts, specific laws and sub-statutory acts. The judicial system is regulated through Law of the Courts and is governed by the idea of independent courts. Legal decisions related to commercial, criminal and administrative matters are taken by dedicated courts. Feel free to contact our attorneys in Croatia if you need professional assistance and guidance in all aspects related to the judicial system of this country.