Our lawyers in Croatia always put in the clients' service their vast expertise and experience with the main purpose of defending their interests by choosing the most suitable methods provided by the Croatian law. Law Firm Ivan Župan in Croatia provides professional services in the consultancy legal field by operating with promptness and efficiency in solving each case in the most viable way. Our law firm's work focuses on business consulting regarding Commercial Law for Croatian and foreign legal entities that operate in Croatia. We are able to cover all the operations that can be performed in the company's interest, from the time of its opening and until the liquidation.
Ivan Župan, the founder of Law Firm Ivan Župan, graduated the Faculty of Law in Zagreb, he practiced as a legal attorney in the same city and then founded his law firm in 2014 with a few partners experienced in Commercial Law, Employment Law, statutory trade issues, industrial property rights, real estate business, Labor Law, collection of claims, administrative law and many more.
Ivan Župan is member of the Croatian Bar Association, of the American Chamber of Commerce in Croatia, the institution that represents the business interests of American companies interested in having activities in Croatia. More than that, Law Firm Ivan Župan is affiliated to HG.org, an important legal portal comprising information about attorneys in different countries, directed to customers and also professionals.
We invite you to watch a video about the legal services provided by our Croation lawyers:
Representation in courts provided by our lawyer in Croatia
Our Croatian law firm provides representation before different types of Croatian courts. The representation before a court in Croatia may become a difficult action without the proper lawyer who is capable of bringing into the light the customer’s interest. The entire procedure may be expensive and exhausting in terms of energy invested, but choosing to work with our experienced lawyers will be the proper decision as we are able to find and apply the beneficial solutions for you and for your business.
What are the types of courts in Croatia?
The judicial system of Croatia is divided into:
- the Supreme Court, considered the highest instance court;
- county courts,
- municipal courts,
- commercial courts,
- misdemeanor courts,
- the High Commercial Court of the Republic of Croatia,
- the High Misdemeanor Court of the Republic of Croatia,
- the Administrative Court of Croatia.
What are the responsibilities of the courts in Croatia?
The Constitutional Court is an independent body, which regulates the application of the Constitution regulations. It may reverse or adjourn laws, decrees or decision if they are not considered to be constitutionally. It is formed by thirteen judges elected for a determined period of time of eight years and a secretary general.
The Supreme Court of Croatia is the highest judicial institution in Croatia. It hears appeals against decisions taken by the first instance courts or by the High Commercial Court of Croatia and the Administrative Court of Croatia. The judges are elected permanently and may be dismissed after reaching 70 years old, on their request, if the law was broken or if it is a decision taken by the National Judicial Council.
The municipal courts are first instance jurisdiction in penal and civil cases.
The appeals from the first instance courts are heard at the county courts. There are 23 regional courts in Croatia. A county court may act as a first instance court when there are special regulations for this, or the punishment is above 10 years.
The Administrative Court of the Republic of Croatia was created in order to judge the cases related to administration (such as taxes, permits, licenses).
The High Commercial Court and the High Misdemeanor Court are usually second instance courts for cases already judged in the commercial and misdemeanor courts.
What are the responsibilities of the Arbitrary Court in Croatia?
The Permanent Arbitration Court, institution founded in 1853, deals with cases with international character, where a domestic legal entity and a foreign entity are involved and also in local cases involving only domestic legal entities.
The basis for opening a case in the Arbitration Court consists in the arbitration clause signed by both parties. The list with members from which the parties may choose the arbitrators consists in more than 150 persons. The domestic cases are regulated by the Rules of Permanent Arbitration Court and the international cases are regulated by the Zagreb Rules.
The decision taken by the Arbitration Court is final and has the same power as if it was taken by a court of justice.
How long does litigation in Croatia take?
A process in Croatia usually takes several years before a final decision is taken. The first instance decisions may be appealed, this leading to an increase of the waiting time.
Debt collection with the help of our lawyer in Croatia
When a Croatian entity has to deal with a debt collection case, our advisors have the most convenient practices in order to recover a debt. Our lawyer in Croatia is able to provide assistance and representation from the demand letters to documentation drafting, in case of court summons procedure, in the civil and commercial actions, for criminal complaints and other further proceedings in order to recover debts. Our lawyers will also guide their clients to prevent compulsory effects and they help investors in cases of insolvency by monitoring counterparties and property management.
What types of companies are available in Croatia?
You may start your business, helped by our lawyer in Croatia, in several different forms, for example:
private limited company or limited liability company, a suitable business form for foreigners;
public limited company subject to shares offered to the public;
joint stock corporations with unlimited liabilities for the company's debts;
general partnership, limited partnership and silent partnership (the structure can be easily changed).
Our law firm in Croatia is able to offer you guidance and assistance for the incorporation procedure of any legal form for your business. We invite you to get in touch with our lawyers in Croatia for customized advice and representation.
How are contracts signed in Croatia?
Contracts in Croatia are signed in compliance with the local and EU legislation. You should always ask for legal advice before drafting and signing a contract. In this sense, our lawyers in Croatia counsel their customers to consult a legal advisor from the beginning of the process of negotiation for any commercial contract or other relation and thus taking benefit of our lawyers' experience to avoid further inconveniences that may occur.
Tax advice in Croatia
Knowing the tax structure in Croatia will help entrepreneurs understand better the business conditions and the benefits connected to the company. For instance, Croatia signed several double taxation agreements with countries worldwide to avoid paying extra fees. The corporation income tax represents the most important tax in Croatia and observes the companies with establishments in this country. Our law firm in Croatia is also able to provide experienced tax advice in order to comply with the Croatian taxation policies. By working with professional accountants and experts from similar areas, our lawyers in Croatia are able to offer you consultancy for:
any VAT related matter, starting with the registration in this sense;
payroll, taxation and other financial issues that may arise in your company’s activity;
social contributions related to the employees of the company in Croatia;
tax minimization methods and reinvestments in the company's best interest.
Our lawyers in Croatia will also offer support for foreign investors by helping them apply for the benefits of the double tax treaties. By this mean, any foreign entrepreneur who is willing to open a business in Croatia can take advantage of these official taxation agreements, in order to benefit from tax exemptions.
What is company management in Croatia?
The company management is related to the ways in which the goals are achieved in a company and how the business is controlled. Each company member has liabilities which need to be understood, regardless of the situations which might intervene. Our Croatian lawyers can help foreign entrepreneurs through legal matters with the company management and the conditions imposed in the business environment.
Licenses and permits in Croatia
Investors who want to activate in the import and export sector, telecommunication, construction, banking and insurance, fishing, air and road transportation need to observe the legislation regarding the necessary licenses and permits. In the case of the construction sector, there are several inspections to consider, plus the requirements imposed by the Land Registry in Croatia. All the legal implications when applying for licenses and permits can be explained by our team of lawyers in Croatia.
How can a company be closed in Croatia?
A company in Croatia can be closed if a non-judicial procedure is adopted in this direction. All the assets of the company members are divided, and if there are no payments or debts the termination procedure can commence. A notice comprising the reasons why the company will close is provided to the Trade Register in Croatia, plus several documents like the balance sheet and any other significant papers of the firm. Closing a company in Croatia involves the trustee in liquidation and the committee formed by the creditors. We are at your disposal with legal advice if you are interested in company liquidation in Croatia.
Reasons to start a business in Croatia
The business climate in Croatia is very much appreciated overseas, and foreign investors have lots of reasons to believe that this country complies with their requirements from a business point of view. Because of the strategic geographic location with openings to the Adriatic Sea, entrepreneurs can thrive in Croatia’s prolific tourism sector by opening all sorts of businesses like resorts, travel agencies, hotels and many more. In terms of legislation, the Croatian government offers the same rules and opportunities for both domestic and foreign investors in Croatia, meaning that a permissive legislation on investments is at the disposal of entrepreneurs.
More than that, several tax incentives are applicable to foreign businesses in Croatia, among which the double taxation agreements signed with countries worldwide should be observed. As for the costs imposed at the time of company formation in Croatia, these are relatively low compared to other European states, as there is necessary a minimum share capital of HRK 20,000 or approximately EUR 2,700. You might want to solicit information about the expenses for opening a company in Croatia and registration procedure from our Croatian team of attorneys.
Ordinary courts of law
The ordinary courts are:
1. Municipal courts – These are courts with first instance jurisdiction in both civil and criminal cases. In criminal litigation matters, the municipal courts adjudicate in all cases where the penalty goes up to 10 years. Municipal courts hold land registers which are the only legally valid registries of real property rights in Croatia. Municipal courts are established for the territory of one or more municipalities, one or more towns or parts of an urban area.
2. County courts – These courts handle appeals from municipal courts decisions and any criminal litigation if the punishment by law surpasses 10 years or decide on matters as maybe required by special regulations. The county courts are established for the territory of one or more counties.
3. The Supreme Court – This is the highest court in Croatia. The Supreme Court of Croatia decides upon the legal remedies against the decisions of county courts, High Commercial Court, High Administrative Court and High Misdemeanour Court. It is the court of last instance and has its seat in Zagreb.
Our lawyers in Croatia offer legal advice and legal representation in commercial and criminal litigations. Should you require assistance in any matter relating to the ordinary courts, please contact them.
The specialized courts include:
1. Commercial courts and High Commercial Court
- Commercial courts handle cases between commercial subjects in bankruptcy proceedings, liquidation procedures, maritime litigation, litigation over patent and intellectual property rights, execution procedures, commercial violations and any other violations committed by enterprises. They also handle a wide range of matters in non-litigation procedures in accordance with the commercial laws of the country. For example, they can call for a general meeting of shareholders at the request of minor shareholders. - Commercial courts manage the registry of all commercial enterprises in Croatia. - Commercial courts are established for the territory of one or more counties. - High Commercial Court handles appeals against judgments of first instance commercial courts and it has its seat in Zagreb.
2. Administrative courts and the High Administrative Court
• Administrative courts have jurisdiction to decide in cases against final administrative acts of governmental bodies and they handle appeal of any decision made by an executive body of the government. • The administrative courts are established for the territory of one or more counties. • The High Administrative Court of the Republic of Croatia will decide on appeals against the judgments of administrative courts and decisions and conflict of jurisdiction between administrative courts. • Administrative courts are not considered as full jurisdiction courts and European Court for Human Rights does not recognize their judicial powers.
3. Misdemeanour courts and High Misdemeanour Court
•Misdemeanor courts are established for the territory of one or more municipalities, one or more towns or parts of an urban area. •Misdemeanour courts have first instance jurisdiction to adjudicate misdemeanours and petty offenses and provide international legal assistance in cases within their jurisdiction. •The High Misdemeanour Court decide on appeals against decisions of misdemeanour courts and state administration bodies in the first instance, and on appeals against decisions of other bodies when this is provided for in a special law.